A. Response 6 Part 2 Papers

The Philosopher Credo argues: Determinism is the view that all events are the necessary results of some prior causal law. This is clearly seen when the causal interactions are simple. Consider what happens when you drop something, or toss a baseball straight up into the air. The dropped thing must fall (if gravity is present) and the baseball must also eventually stop going up, slow down, reverse direction and come down. There is no difference when the causal laws are more complicated. Consider, for example, the game of Plinko played on the Price is Right. The series of bounces of the disc are too complicated for us to predict the final outcome, but that does not mean that at each bounce the disc must go where it goes. Hence, if we are purely physical beings, then we are also tied to the necessary laws that govern the universe. Free will (the view that we have a choice whether to do x or y), is the result of our inability to know the certain outcome because the interactions are too many and too complicated, In the end, free will turns out to be an illusion. This should come as no surprise. The earth appears to be flat, but upon examination it is spherical. The sun appears to move around a stationary earth, but upon a closer examination it is the earth that is turning on its axis. If these beliefs, which were once thought to be beyond reproach, turned out to be false, why not free will? So to recap, since nothing is outside the necessary laws of physics, then determinism is true.

I disagree with determinism because gravitational theory as a natural phenomenon is the most logical choice. This can be dis-proven by Einstein's "Equivalent Principle", which states that: "The outcome of any local non-gravitational experiment in a freely falling laboratory is independent of the velocity of the laboratory and its location in space-time." Since we cannot feel, hear, see, smell, or taste gravity itself then we have no way of knowing if it exists at all, and that it is just an illusion.
I will secondly argue that "Free Will" is the idea that we have a choice to do "x" or "y", to argue that claim, I cannot do "x" unless "y" happens and "y" will either happen or not, therefore it is possible that I'm able to do "x". With this in mind, if gravity is a cause then the throwing of a ball is an event. Therefore: Gravity could not have happened until the ball is thrown. “All events in the physical world have cause except those subatomic events falling within the realm of quantum mechanics. And since we have restricted our principle of determinism by positive factual discoveries, we free it from the charge of being over general, unfalsifiable, and so, vacuous. It is no longer unfalsifiable because it has been falsified for a particular well-defined domain of physical events." (D.J. O’Connor). For the most part, freedom is just a matter of degree that some acts are more free than others. In the above example where "x" will not occur until "y" happens, where the outcome "z" cannot happen. This further reinforces my belief that determinism as mentioned earlier cannot be true.